Anthropology and Dialectical Naturalism
A Philosophical Manifesto
Is the world just a cultural construct where people create their own realities? In this illuminating and wide-ranging philosophical treatise, Brian Morris critiques broad swathes of recent theory as he seeks to reclaim anthropology as a historical social science. He achieves this by grounding it within a metaphysic of "dialectical naturalism" or "evolutionary realism" – a tradition long ignored by academic philosophy. After reviewing the anthropological background of this worldview – the Greeks and the Enlightenment – Morris explores two essential themes. First, he critically assesses the main forms of dialectical naturalism, including Darwin's evolutionary theory, Marx's historical materialism, and the hylorealism of the philosopher-scientist Mario Bunge. Second, he offers a strong plea to retain the dual heritage of anthropology as a historical science that combines both humanism and naturalism. A powerful philosophical manifesto, the book cogently upholds dialectical naturalism as the most grounding philosophy for anthropology and the social sciences.
About the Author
Brian Morris is emeritus professor of anthropology at Goldsmiths, University of London, and the author of many books on anthropology, biology, philosophy, politics, and religion.